Product Features
Bridge (Mushroom) Electrodes


Bridge electrodes, also known as mushroom electrodes, are specialized electrodes used in electroencephalography (EEG) for recording electrical activity from the scalp. These electrodes are named for their shape, which resembles a mushroom or a bridge, with a wider disc-shaped contact area and a narrow stem. Here are some key features and considerations:

1. **Design**: Bridge electrodes typically consist of a metal disc (the cap) attached to a stem. The cap serves as the contact surface that is placed on the scalp, while the stem connects the cap to the lead wire.

2. **Material**: The cap of the electrode is usually made of a conductive material such as silver or silver/silver chloride. This material ensures good electrical conductivity and minimizes impedance, allowing for accurate recording of electrical signals from the brain.

3. **Shape**: The cap of the electrode is wider compared to traditional EEG cup electrodes, providing a larger contact area with the scalp. This helps to improve signal quality and reduce impedance, resulting in clearer recordings.

4. **Comfort and Stability**: The wider contact area of bridge electrodes can enhance comfort for the person undergoing EEG recording by distributing pressure more evenly on the scalp. Additionally, the design of the electrode stem provides stability, helping to maintain the position of the electrode during recording sessions.

5. **Placement**: Bridge electrodes are typically placed at specific locations on the scalp according to the international 10-20 system for EEG electrode placement. They can be used for both routine EEG recordings and specialized applications such as sleep studies or epilepsy monitoring.

6. **Cleaning and Maintenance**: Like other EEG electrodes, bridge electrodes require proper cleaning and maintenance to ensure accurate and hygienic use. They should be cleaned between each use according to recommended protocols to remove any residue or contaminants.

Overall, bridge electrodes are valuable tools in EEG recording, offering improved signal quality, comfort, and stability compared to traditional cup electrodes. Their design makes them suitable for a variety of EEG applications, contributing to more accurate diagnoses and research findings in neuroscience and clinical neurophysiology.